About Stairs and its history also its functions as well as the materials used and the type discussed here in. Stairs are architectural elements that are always present in a house that has more than one floor. Stairs is now not only designed and placed in a home because of its function as a link between downstairs and upstairs, but also as one of the decorative aspects of the home that can give a little touch of the art of building houses. Stairs can be built from a variety of materials, ranging from rock, wood, cement, or glass. Still, the most commonly be found in the houses are built of wood stairs and cement.
Build any stairs cannot be indiscriminate. An architect in building a house often provides the main focus on the construction of this ladder. In fact, the placement locations of different stairs in the house, can contain a meaning and a different impression of the architecture of the house.
For example, a house that has a staircase built outside can create the impression of natural and opens at home vs. the stairs in the house. The stairs are located outside the home touted to strengthen ties with the home landscape surrounding environment. The importance of the function of a staircase linking the floors with another floor. Do a staircase has its history?
History of the Stairs
Based on the research of historians and archaeologists, the oldest ladder ever made on this earth is found in Sicily. This Stairs is estimated age of 480 BC and became one of the temples in the Greek civilization. However, the use of stairs in a building or a home is growing in line with developments in the world of design and architecture. In medieval times, the shape of a spiral counter-clockwise and is very popular in applied in homes, especially in Europe. Stairs to the model considered most desirable, not only as a liaison between floors aspect but also for defense purposes for residents. In fact, often the banister right hand placed a sword or a pointed iron.
In addition, one of the ladders often made different footing with the others. Footing it usually has a surface made uneven, then an alarm fitted underneath so that if at any time there is a thief who did not realize it and then stepped on it, then the alarm will sound and the entire household can be aware that thieves have entered into their houses.
The days of glory and popularity of the use of stairs in homes in Europe is touted in the late 1800s. At that time, a man named Peter Nicholson made a mathematical calculation system to build a Stairs accurately. This calculation method is still used today.
Features on the stairs
Perhaps not many people know the main features of a Stairs on the building. They only knew that the stairs serves as a liaison between the floor and sometimes functioned as a decorative aspect of the building. Indeed, not all households have the same shape and calculation. As for the features or things that are often encountered in the ladder there are two, namely footing ladders and stairs.
Footing the stairs is a horizontal section, where we set foot on the stairs. While the stairs are vertical sections are used to connect the ladder footing with one another.
The materials used to build the stairs
Various kinds of stairs seen from the materials used were often we encountered, from the staircase made of stone and wood. Typically, the materials referred supported with materials made of metal to strengthen the ladder itself. Although the type of material used for stairs can vary, but the important aspect is not to be missed on a ladder that is endurance and strength. For example, for a staircase made of wood, type of wood that is often chosen is oak, cherry, or maple known for its strength. As for the substance of stairs from rock, stone granite and marble stone is the most frequently used.
Types of stairs
Type or form of ladder is most often applied to the building are the kind of straight, spiral, the shape of a “T” and “L” shape. Of all forms, the forms or straight model is the simplest form where each foothold are in a groove. While the form of the most aesthetically ladder is probably the shape of a spiral. In addition to the manufacturing process is more complicated and requires more complex calculations, in terms of aesthetics too spiral shape is the form most attractive and beautiful to behold. The forms on top of a basic form, so that variations of the basic shapes may we meet.