What Definition Interior Design? And What are The Responsibilities as Interior Designers – Do you know about the definition of interior design? And what’s his responsibility as an interior designer? If you want to know about the design should start with the formulation of the design, make a definition of design and search the design sense. Interior design definition proposed by K. D. Francis “Frank” Ching (born 1943) is an architect and graphic design writer. D.K. Ching is Professor Emeritus at the University of Washington, and he argues the following:
Interior design is the planning, layout and design of the interior space within buildings. These physical settings satisfy our basic need for shelter and protection, they set the stage for and influence the shape of our activities, they nurture our aspirations and express the ideas which accompany our action, they affect our outlook, mood and personality. The purpose of interior design , therefore, is the functional improvement, aesthetic enrichment, and psychological enhancement of interior space.
The above definition explains that the interior design is a planning layout and design of the space in the building. Physical state meet our basic needs will be shelter and protection, affects the form of activity and fulfill our aspirations and express ideas that accompany our actions, in addition to an interior design also affects the outlook, mood and personality, and therefore the target of an interior design is development function, aesthetic enrichment and increased interior space psychology.
From the above, it can be formulated that interior design is an art and a science to understand the habits of people in space with the goal of creating a functional space in the structure of the building designed by an architect.
The field of interior design science lies between engineering and art, due to the absence of engineering, the design is not safe, otherwise without considering the aesthetic and artistic aspects, the design will not be attractive..
A design that does not consider the technical aspects, ignores aspects of construction, design produced as a result will not be safe to use and will surely lead to an accident for users. Conversely, if the design is merely considering the technical aspects without considering the aesthetic aspects, then the design will not be sold because no one is interested to buy and use them. Therefore, the position of interior design is “in between” or lies between engineering and art where consideration proportionally between the two will produce a design that is a wonderful addition also convenient and ensure the safety of its users.
The interior designer is someone who does interior design work. The interior design is not the same as the decor. If architecture is described as the art and science of designing structures for human interaction. Webster’s Dictionary defines the interior design as: “the art and science of understanding people’s behavior to create functional spaces within a structure. So it is the interior design can be defined as the art and science in understanding human behavior to create a functional space in a structure designed by the architect, so the focus of attention regarding various aspects related to the use of space.
Clients as users of space is the starting point of the design, so everything related to client activity in the space will be designed to rigorously identified well in order to client satisfaction are met. For that designers should also have personal data of those clients include age, gender, occupation, hobbies, favorite color, the desired style, the impression of space is expected and so forth. With complete data, the formulation of the design becomes more focused.
The American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) defines the interior designer as someone who has the following criteria:
“Interior designer is professionally trained to create a functional and quality interior environment. Qualified through education, experience and examination, a professional designer can identify, research and creatively resolve issues and lead to a healthy, safe and comfortable physical environment.”
The opinions above explains that the interior designer is a trained professional to create interior environments that are functional and quality. Due to have qualified through education, experience and examination, an interior designer can identify, research and creatively solve problems and drive the design towards a healthy physical environment, secure and comfortable.
The interior designer is responsible for a variety of things include: organizing space to align with its function, ensuring that the design created match or correspond to the use of building safety codes, set construction and application of the design, even designing acoustic transmission and structuring sound. An interior designer is also required responsibility in selecting and determining equipment, furniture, products, materials and colors used in the design of the interior.
In some developed countries, becoming an interior designer must also have a license that can be obtained when it passes the qualifying exam. Permission is stating that the designer in question is a qualified person by professionals who have experience and educational background to make complex decisions about the design of the room.
Responsibilities of Interior Designers
Interior designers perform some activity below in the framework of their duties and responsibilities are as follows:
- Researching and analyzing the client’s requirements and objectives, develop design documents and illustrates the diagram and outline for that purpose.
- Formulating preliminary design, draft design in two dimensions and three dimensions and sketch to be able to unite with the needs of clients that are based on knowledge of design principles and theory of human habits.
- Ensure that the space planning and design concept considering the safety aspects, functional, beautiful and to ensure that all elements are designed in accordance with the requirements of health and public health including encoding, accessibility, environment and sustainability instructions.
- Choosing the colors, materials and finishing must be adapted to the design concept and the corresponding socio-psychological, functional, ease of maintenance, appearance, environmental and safety requirements.
- Select and sort out the following furniture fixtures and equipment, oversee the workmanship to match the design concept furniture including working drawings and detailed description of their products.
Interior designers do not work on the basis of the wishes and personal taste, but everything was designed starts on the wishes and expectations of clients as consumers requesting the services of an interior designer.
In order to understand the wishes and expectations of the client on the design process entrusted to the designer, it is necessary to do an intensive communication as well as the physical identification of the building carefully. However, the client’s desire is the starting point of the design, so all the wishes and hopes for the results of the design space should really be taken into consideration. Imposing craving designer is a big mistake because the designer taste is not necessarily favored by clients both in terms of the use of color, style application, the application forms and so on. More things that need to be observed and communicated to obtain accurate data, including verbal communication with the client in the form of data collection and the occupants of the physical data collection followed by the manufacture of the design.